Thursday, January 6, 2011

The Ports of Tamil Nadu

The State’s minor ports include seven government ports and 14 captive ports operated by private companies for thier own use.
Government Ports
Cuddalore: Chemplast Sanmar Limited has developed a Marine Terminal Facility (MTF) within Cuddalore Port limits to handle Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) required for the Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC) factory in the SIPCOT Complex. And Cuddalore Powergen Corporation Limited has proposed setting up a jetty.
NagapattinamChennai Petroleum Corporation Limited has established a jetty to handle the products of its refinery and is handling cargo through the jetty.
PambanThis port is situated on Rameswaram Island. Its only function is to pilot small-draft vessels passing through the Pamban Channel in the Gulf of Mannar.
RameswaramAn in-principle approval has been granted for the running of a passenger ferry service for a short distance in the Agnitheertham area of Rameswaram. The Government of India and the Sri Lankan Government have proposed reviving the Indo-Sri Lankan ferry service, when this port would serve that service too.
Valinokkam: There is no activity at this port in the Ramanathapuram District.
Kanniyakumari: This port is solely meant for the Poompuhar Shipping Corporation Ltd.’s ferry service between the shore and Vivekanada Rock Memorial/Ayyan Thiruvalluvar statue.
Colachel: This port in Kanniyakumari District and very close to the international shipping lanes has been identified as a suitable port for developing into a container tran-shipment hub port.
Captive Ports
Kattupalli: This port, near Ennore, has been extended for the establishing of a shipyard-cum-minor port complex by L&T Shipbuilding Limited. A proposal to decalre Kattupalli as a Sea Customs port is under consideration. Construction of the North breakwater upto 400 m and South breakwater upto 600 m has been completed.
Ennore Minor PortThe port, comprising the marine structures of a Multiple Buoy Mooring System with submarine pipeline to receive Liquid Ammonia, has been developed by M/s. Coromandel International Ltd., Chennai
MugaiyurMarg Swarnabhoomi Port Private Limited has proposed developing a ship repair facility here.
Thiruchopuram: Nagarujuna Oil Corporation Ltd. has been permitted to establish a captive port to handle crude and petroleum products from its proposed oil refinery at Thiruchopuram in Cuddalore District
Silambimangalam ShipyardGoodearth Shipbuilding Pvt Ltd plans to establish a captive shipbuilding yard in Cuddalore District. The Government of India has also notified this as a Customs Port. In-principle approval to establish a Single Super Phosphate Fertiliser Plant within the Silambimangalam Shipyard Port area has also been granted.
Parangipettai: IL&FS Limited has been granted in-principle approval to develop a captive port in Cuddalore District to handle coal for its proposed 4000 MW merchant power plant.
PY-03 Oil Field: This port, 50 km southeast of Cuddalore, is exclusively meant for loading onto ships crude oil being extracted from the oil wells at PY-03 Oil Field.
Kaveri: PEL Power Limited has proposed establishing a jetty near Poompuhar in Nagapattinam District to handle coal for its 13,290 MW power plant.
Vanagiri: NSL Power Limited has proposed establishing a jetty near Sirkazhi in Nagapattinam District to handle coal for its 1500 MW power plant. A proposal for Customs Notification of this port has been sent to the Government of India.
Thirukkadaiyur: PPN Power Generating Company handles naphtha and natural gas through this port, for its 330 MW gas combined Cycle Power Project at Pillaiperumalnallur near Thirukkadaiyur in Nagapattinam District. The port has been extended to accommodate the landfill of gas pipelines of Hindustan Oil Exploration Company Ltd.
Thirukkuvalai: Tridem Port and Power Company Private Limited has proposed establishing a port near Vettaikkaran Iruppu in Nagapattinam District to handle coal required for its proposed 2000 MW merchant power plant.
Punnakkayal: This port in Tuticorin District was declared a captive facility for the use of DCW Limited to handle Vinyl Chloride Monomer, Low Sulphur Heavy Stock, Liquified Petroleum Gas etc. The company recently conveyed its decision not to develop the captive port facilities and the Tamil Nadu Maritime Board is on the look-out for a prospective port developer.
Manappad: The Government has declared Manappad in Tuticorin District as a Minor Port to handle LNG for the proposed 2000 MW gas turbine power project to be set up by Indian Power Project Ltd. at Vembar.
Koodankulam: This port in Tirunelveli District is for the captive use of the Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd. for its proposed nuclear power project at Koodankulam consisting of two units of 2000 MW each.
Ports under process (yet to be declared)
Panaiyur: Coastal Tamil Power Limited has been granted an in-principle approval for developing a captive port at Panaiyur, near Cheyyur, in Kancheepuram District to handle coal required for its proposed 4000 MW ultra mega power project.
Udangudi: Udangudi Power Corporation Limited, Chennai, has been granted in-principle approval for establishing an open sea jetty to receive coal for its 1600 MW Udangudi super critical thermal power project.

Tuesday, January 4, 2011

Ecological Restoration Plan In Adayar

The Adyar Poonga Project is an effort to, at the very least contain this damage, and restore the bio diversity along the Adyar estuary.

The U.S. Catholic population continues to grow and is projected to exceed 100 million by 2050

  • The U.S. Catholic population continues to grow and is projected to exceed 100 million by 2050.
  • At the same time, the number of infant baptisms and marriages in the U.S. Catholic Church has declined in number each year since 2001. In 2009, there were 12.7 infant baptisms and 2.7 marriages in the Church per 1,000 Catholics. Although nearly all Catholic parents continue to baptize their children in the Church (as the birthrate declines) many Catholics are choosing to get married in non-Catholic houses of worship or secular settings.
  • Yet even as the recent trend in infant baptisms is down slightly, there are still enough people joining the Catholic Church each year to sustain the population. In 2009, The Official Catholic Directory reported 857,410 infant baptisms, 43,279 adult baptisms, and 75,724 receptions into full communion in U.S. dioceses. This totals 976,413 in one year. To put that in context, the number of new Catholics in 2009 would make this one-year cohort of new Catholics approximately the 26th largest membership Christian church in the United States. 
  • The likelihood that a Catholic will marry a non-Catholic is strongly and directly related to the likelihood that a Catholic will be in close proximity to other Catholics. In dioceses where Catholics make up only 10% of the total population, the average percentage of interfaith marriages celebrated in parishes is 41%. By comparison, this average is only 16% where 40% or more of the total population in a diocese is Catholic.
  • On the institutional side, if the current trend in parish closures were to continue and current priest projections bear out, there will likely be only 12,520 active diocesan priests and 14,825 parishes in the United States by 2035 (also in OSV).
  • There has been no measurable decline or increase in Mass attendance percentages nationally in the last decade. Just under one in four Catholics attends Mass every week. About a third of Catholics attend in any given week and more than two-thirds attend Mass at Christmas, Easter, and on Ash Wednesday. More than four in ten self-identified adult Catholics attend Mass at least once a month.
  • A majority, 54%, of the adults of the Catholic Millennial Generation (those ages 18-28 in 2010) in the United States self-identify as Hispanic/Latino(a). In the late-2030s there will likely be more Catholics who self-identify as Hispanic/Latino overall than those who do not.
  • A minority of Americans of Irish ancestry self-identify their religion as Catholic. At the same time, the size of the Irish Catholic population has been stable in recent decades as Catholics of Italian, German, and Polish ancestry have declined a bit. The number of Catholics noting Mexican ancestry increased dramatically in the 2000s.
  • About 3.5 million U.S. residents self-identify their race as Black, African American, Afro-Caribbean, or African and their religion as Catholic. Of these Black Catholics, 42% also self-identified their ethnicity as Hispanic.
  • The number of Catholic senators declined from 25 to 22 (or is it 21?).
  • 57% of adult Catholics did not vote in the 2010 elections.
  • The average tuition for the first child of Catholic parents attending a parish Catholic primary school for 2008-2009 was $3,383. For that same child the per-pupil cost of education for 2008-2009 was $5,436. This means that only 63% of this child’s per-pupil cost was covered by their tuition.
  • In the 20 years since Ex Corde Ecclesia, Catholic colleges and universities have seen an increase in student enrollment of 24%.
  • Many Catholic colleges are providing a “return on investment” for the tuitions paid. Yet there are mixed short-term effects for changes in Catholic beliefs and practice among those attending Catholic colleges with more consistently positive long-term effects evident as well.
  • 13% of active Bishops in the United States were born outside of the U.S.
  • 49.4% of the global Catholic population resides in the Western Hemisphere. Yet, in 2011 only 28.9% of the cardinal electors will be from this area of the world.
  • Note during the papal visit… there are more weekly church-going Catholics in Great Britain than there are weekly church-going Anglicans.
  • A majority of U.S. Protestants express a belief in the Real Presence and those who believe the Bible is to be taken literally word for word are most likely to do so.
  • 22% of Nones in America (those without any religious affiliation) were raised Catholic.